Novelties in the genus Ceroxylon (Arecaceae) from Peru, with description of 4 Museo de Historia Natural, Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos, Lima – Perú. . It is possible that the inclusion of C. peruvianum in agroforestry systems. Peru officially the Republic of Peru is a country in western South America. It is bordered in the north by Ecuador and Colombia, in the east by Brazil, in the  Missing: possible ‎| ‎Must include: ‎possible. of the first mestizo generation in Peru may be useful. ); the second part was published as Garcilaso, Historia General del Peru; Segunda Parte de los.


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The current Constitution of Peru differs from the Constitution in that it gives greater power to the president.

History of Peru - Wikipedia

In a military coup on October 29, Gen. Odria became the new President.

He came down hard on APRA, momentarily pleasing the oligarchy and all others peru possible historia the right, but followed a populist course that won him great favor with the poor and lower classes.

A thriving economy allowed him to indulge in expensive but crowd-pleasing social policies.


Since none of the candidates managed to get the Constitutionally-established minimum of one third of the vote required to win outright, selection of the President should have fallen to Congress; the long-held antagonistic relationship between the military and APRA prompted Haya de la Torre to make a peru possible historia with former dictator Odria, who peru possible historia come in third, which would have resulted in Odria taking the Presidency in a coalition government.

However, widespread allegations of fraud prompted the Peruvian military to depose Prado and install a military junta, led by Ricardo Perez Godoy. Throughout Latin America in the s, communist movements inspired by the Cuban Revolution sought to win power through guerrilla warfare.

The Revolutionary Left Movement Peruor MIR, launched an insurrection that had been crushed bybut Peru's internal strife would only accelerate until its climax in the s. The military has been prominent in Peruvian history.

A Companion to Mario Vargas Llosa - Sabine Köllmann - Google Книги

Coups have repeatedly interrupted civilian constitutional government. As part of what has been called the "first phase" of the military government's nationalist program, Velasco undertook an extensive agrarian reform program and nationalized the fish meal industry, some petroleum companies, and several banks and mining firms.

Democratic restoration and elections —present day [ edit ] s[ edit ] During the s, cultivation of illicit coca was established in large areas on the eastern Andean slope.

One of his first actions as President was the return of several newspapers to their respective owners. In this way, freedom of speech once again played an important part in Peruvian politics. Gradually, he also attempted to undo some of the most radical effects of the Agrarian Reform initiated by Velasco and reversed the independent stance peru possible historia the Military Government of Velasco had with the United States.

Peru - Wikipedia

Belaunde's government proposed peru possible historia peace settlement between the two countries, but it was rejected by both sides, as both claimed undiluted sovereignty of the territory.

However, economic mismanagement led to hyperinflation from to Owing to such chronic inflationthe Peruvian currency, the solwas replaced by the Inti in mid, which itself was replaced by the nuevo sol "new sun" in Julyat which time the new sol had a cumulative value of one billion old soles.

The economic turbulence of the time acerbated social tensions in Peru and partly contributed to the rise of the violent rebel movement Shining Path.

Fujimori's presidency and the Peru possible historia — [ edit ] Concerned about the economy, the increasing terrorist threat from Sendero Luminoso and MRTA, and allegations of official corruption, voters chose a relatively unknown mathematician-turned-politician, Alberto Fujimorias president in The first round of the election was won peru possible historia well-known writer Mario Vargas Llosaa conservative candidate who went on to receive the Nobel Prize in Literature inbut Fujimori defeated him in the second round.

History of Peru

As peru possible historia dictators did, Fujimori dissolved Congress in the auto-golpe of April 5,in order to have total control of the government of Peru. He then eliminated the constitution; called new congressional elections; and implemented substantial economic reform, including privatization of numerous state-owned companies, creation of an investment-friendly climate, and sound management of the economy.


Fujimori's administration was dogged by several insurgent groups, most notably Sendero Luminoso Shining Pathwhich carried on a terrorist campaign in the countryside throughout the s and s. He cracked down on the insurgents and was successful in largely quelling them by the late s, but the fight was marred by atrocities committed by both the Peruvian security forces and the insurgents: Those examples subsequently came peru possible historia be seen as symbols of the human rights violations committed during the last years of violence.

Military commandos stormed the embassy compound in Maywhich resulted in the death of all 15 peru possible historia takers, one hostage, and 2 commandos.

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