Few human diseases instill greater fear than leprosy (Hansen's disease), and few are as poorly understood. Worldwide, the number of new cases has declined. Leprosy, also known as Hansen's disease (HD), is a long-term infection by the bacterium Mycobacterium leprae or Mycobacterium lepromatosis. Initially  Causes‎: ‎Mycobacterium leprae‎ or ‎Mycobacteri. The National Hansen's Disease Program (NHDP) located in Baton Rouge, Louisiana is the only facility in the United States devoted to diagnosis, treatment, and.


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Leprosy (Hansen's Disease)

The drug thalidomide Thalomid has been approved by the FDA as a treatment for erythema nodosum leprosum ENLan inflammatory complication sometimes hansens disease with leprosy that results in painful skin lesions.

It is not effective in reversal reaction and does not kill bacteria. Thalidomide can have severe effects on a developing fetus and must be administered with extreme caution.

It cannot generally be given to women of childbearing potential. Ocular complications of erythema nodosum leprosum ENL must be treated promptly to hansens disease permanent damage to the eyes.

Leprosy (Hansen's Disease) | NIH: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Local atropine and hydrocortisone eye drops may be used to keep the pupils dilated and reduce the inflammation until the reaction subsides. Patients with corneal dryness are treated with eye drops and substitutes for the eye's natural lubricants.

Leprosy can be cured, and most disabilities and deformities can be prevented. Contrary to common perceptions, leprosy does not cause fingers and toes to drop off. The loss of fingers and toes that is sometimes seen is not due to the leprosy infection but to injuries that occur because of nerve damage and loss of feeling in the extremities.

These injuries may become secondarily infected with other kinds of bacteria and cause the toes or fingers to lose infected hansens disease and ultimately shorten.

If the injuries can be prevented, much of the disability will not occur.

Leprosy (Hansen’s disease) - Better Health Channel

The most important thing that can be done to prevent permanent disability is to diagnose and treat patients at the very earliest stages of the disease. They need to be started on appropriate drugs to hansens disease the bacteria, and reactions must be treated promptly if they occur.

For those who already have had some nerve damage, hansens disease education in the care of hands, feet, and eyes is very important to prevent further injury and deformity. Some people with leprosy may benefit from special shoes that compensate for loss of sensation in the feet.

Gloves or special tools can be used to prevent injury to hands that have lost sensation.

Leprosy (Hansen’s disease)

Surgery may be necessary to treat eye problems or correct certain deformities of the hands and feet. The goal hansens disease surgery is to improve function and the quality of life.

Close and frequent contact is required for transmission but only a small proportion of close contacts, for example, in the same household, actually develop leprosy.

A contact is any person who has been close hansens disease to an infected person to be at risk of having acquired the infection from that person.


hansens disease To a form of leprosy where: The disease has been around since ancient times, often surrounded by terrifying, negative stigmas and tales of leprosy patients being shunned as outcasts.

Outbreaks of leprosy have affected, and panicked, people on every continent. The oldest civilizations of China, Egypt, and India feared leprosy was an incurable, mutilating, and contagious disease.


However, leprosy is actually hansens disease that contagious. You can catch it only if you come into close and repeated contact with nose hansens disease mouth droplets from someone with untreated leprosy.

Children are more likely to get leprosy than adults.

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