Jorge Rafael Videla was a senior commander in the Argentine Army and dictator of Argentina .. Jump up ^ Detenidos-Aparecidos: Presas y Presos Políticos Desde Trelew a la Dictadura, Santiago Garaño, Werner Pertot, p. 26, Editorial Biblos. Este artículo analiza qué lugar ocupa la última dictadura militar argentina como acontecimiento histórico en la memoria colectiva (MC) de la población y las. President Obama's visit on the 40th anniversary of a brutal military coup has reopened old wounds.


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Between and there were around a dozen disappearances, of which only one body was ditadura military argentina found Duhalde, The regime in power also ushered in a new kind of intervention that was no longer temporary between two periods of civilian rule, but was based on a re-ordering of politics and society, with goals without a time-limit that were intended to institutionalise the tutelary role of the military establishment within the State.

At the same time, thanks ditadura military argentina the triumphal climate created by the Cuban revolution, political violence based on insurrection became seen within society as a plausible and legitimate alternative faced with military repression in order to bring about social change.

Armed groups undertook their first actions between and To this end they combined the minimum use of violence with carefully selected targets in order to achieve a symbolic importance that would win them public support and collaboration.

Memorias en el Ejército Argentino: fragmentos de un relato abierto

The renewal of the figure of president who was now General Roberto Levingston was followed by a change of policy which saw the adoption of moves to open and liberalise the regime. Yet the search for a political solution did not prevent fresh episodes of repressive violence: August was a ditadura military argentina month for the armed organizations.

Sixteen of the 25 prisoners who had planned the escape did not succeed in reaching the plane waiting for them at Trelew airport. Forced to surrender, they were taken to the Almirante Zar naval base and shot clandestinely Gillespie, These illegal executions were accompanied ditadura military argentina murders approximatelydetentions and torture about people that took place throughout the period, according to accusations by the Montoneros Gillespie, This illegal repression went hand-in-hand with a strategy to create legal devices aimed at punishing political violence.


Despite this, and after seven years of a military regime, the armed groups were still operating on the political scene and had even managed in some cases to increase their support and political influence. Within this new framework, the Montoneros changed their strategy, concentrated on legal activity, and directed their actions ditadura military argentina diverse ditadura military argentina movements.

However, rather than uniting these different movements, the electoral triumph of Peronism in and its return to power only served to make manifest the ideological polarization at the heart of these political groups.

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The leader at the head of the government rapidly tipped the balance in favor of the latter. The paradigmatic measure in this sense was the reform of the Penal Code.

National Reorganization Process - Wikipedia

This brought in penalties for guerrilla activities that were tougher than those of the previous military regime and also paved the way for repression of those strikes considered illegal De Riz, From this point on, the growing militarization of the Montoneros was seen as a means to political progress.

This increased military activity undermined the work of liaising with the masses, and in practice led to an effort to replace social support with a greater sophistication of its military power. These military operations were designed to be carried out in conjunction with the Guevarist groups.

But even with this increased military activity, and increasing social isolation, these organizations had a specific enemy, and abstained from committing random acts of terrorism in busy public places, as had occurred in Europe. According to Vezzetti, this tendency has been reinforced in the post-dictatorship period not only by those who were protagonists at the time, but also by those involved in preserving memory and some social science analysts Vezzetti, Inthe passing of presidential decree No.

By now, the repressive strategy was no ditadura military argentina based on the legal prison system but became structured around the clandestine system of detention and disappearance.

Rock Nacional in Argentina during the Dictatorship

Once the dictatorship was in place, to ditadura military argentina division of the country into five zones made by the Army inwith a different army corps responsible for each one, were added special zones where the Navy and the Airforce were in charge.

The bibliography is not in agreement on this point. These zones were in turn divided into subzones controlled by brigades, while these were again subdivided into areas ditadura military argentina by different regiments Novaro y Palermo, Within this scheme the existence of clandestine detention centres CDCs was registered, in 11 of the 23 provinces of Argentina.

Some of ditadura military argentina were parts of already existing detention centers. Others were set up in civilian locales, police stations, or military establishments.

There were two chains of command for these CDCs: This mechanism was stuctured by the network of military intelligence services, who carried out the monitoring, detailing and classifying of potential victims, as well as the process of archiving the information obtained from those abducted and the writing of reports for the military leadership.

The first step concerned co-ordinating different repressive groups.

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